Hansen's Northwest Native Plant Database


Oplopanax horridus (Devil's Club)

Kingdom

 Plantae Plants

Subkingdom

 Tracheobionta Vascular plants

Superdivision

 Spermatophyta Seed plants

Division

 Magnoliophyta Flowering plants

Class

 Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons

Subclass

 Rosidae

Order

 Apiales

Family

 Araliaceae Ginseng family

Genus

 Oplopanax (Torr. & A. Gray) Miq. oplopanax

Species

 Oplopanax horridus (Sm.) Miq. devilsclub

Note: Throughout the years I've written short articles for our website's home pages (home pages are the front page of a website) about these plants. They are now included at the bottom of this page, and are illustrated by botanical drawings and paintings, some of which are from books published from 1500 - 1900.

A truly unique addition to the garden, Devil's Club has a tall, wand-like naked stem with vicious spines, topped with huge palmate leaves surrounding the spike of tiny flowers.

In the summer, the flowers become a pyramid of brilliant, red berries.

This shrub grows from 3-9' tall and needs a moist and shady spot.

Closely related to ginseng, it has many medicinal properties and was one of the most important medicinal plants for coastal Native Peoples.

Consider planting Devil's Club as a protector of rare specimens or along trails to keep hikers from exploring: few will venture past the sharp thorns.

Native from Alaska to southern Oregon and east to the Great Lakes, this shrub is hardy in USDA zones 4-9.

         
  

These two photos

(left and right)

were taken by

Walter Siegmund

From Homepage July 5, 2003

What is that plant? Undoubtedly, that's the question most asked about this week's feature plant, the Devil's Club (Oplopanax horridus). It's a truly spectacular northwest native shrub, and Oregon's most unusual botanical. Many folks have never seen or heard about our northwest native Devil's Club. If you want an unusual shrub, this is the plant for you.

The showy bunches of rich red berries clustered around the stems remind one of the shape of spirea blooms. Ripening now, you must come out to the nursery and see them in person.

Note the attractive shape of the twisted stems topped by large almost tropical looking maple shaped leaves. Planted in groups, the incredibly sharp thorns can make an excellent privacy screen or barrier against unwanted visitors. Choose an area with semi- to full shade for your Devil's Club. A woodland garden, a shrubby border, even containers are suitable for this garden ornamental.

The thorns are needle sharp and scratches can become infected. Parts of the plant are poisonous and parts were a principal medical source for Original Peoples. The plant is in the ginseng family--famous for other herbal remedies. Some commercial astringents, antiseptics, cough mixtures and laxatives are processed from Devil's Club. 

Though Oplopanax horridus is not often available for sale, check with local nurseries if you are interested in adding this unusual plant to your garden.

From Homepage July 29, 2002

Oplopanax horridum (Devil's Club) is, to my mind, one of the most unique and interesting northwest native shrubs. It is deciduous with a tall, wand-like stem with sharp spines, topped with huge palmate leaves around the flower. A shade and moisture lover, it is a wonderful choice for landscape and one of my favorites because of the delightful shapes of the stems.

The Devil's Club is quite an attractive and unusual shrub. Because of the sharp "needles" along the stem, care should be taken when handling and choosing a site in the landscape.

Native Americans have shown that Oplopanax horridum is useful for it's medicinal qualities. The bark is shredded and made into tea, or oil is  extracted from the roots. It is used as an expectorant, reduces stress, and increases one's sense of well-being. It is also used as a remedy for certain types of diabetes.

Professor Suzanne Andersen Scotchmer of University of California, Berkeley, wrote a delightful article called "Devil's Club Tea" describing her introduction to Tlingit "medicine" by her friend Clarence. Published in the Anchorage Daily News Sunday Magazine (We Alaskans) on October 20, 1996 See www.socrates.berkeley.edu/~scotch/alaska/devils.pdf. An amusing story and very descriptive of Native American uses of this native American shrub.

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Contact:  star@chillirose.com ~ Copyright 2012 Wallace W. Hansen ~ All rights reserved