Hansen's Northwest Native Plant Database

Picea sitchensis (Sitka Spruce)



 Plantae – Plants


 Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


 Spermatophyta – Seed plants


 Coniferophyta – Conifers






 Pinaceae – Pine family


 Picea A. Dietr. – spruce


 Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carriθre – Sitka spruce

A fast-growing, giant evergreen, reaching 250’ and 6’ in diameter, Sitka Spruce favors both freshwater and saltwater wetland areas where it often dominates.

It is found in a limited range along the Pacific coast from central Alaska to northern California and is very common in southern Alaska and northern British Columbia. Hardy USDA zones 6-7. It has found great popularity in Britain, where it has been introduced.

The stiff, sharp-pointed, 1” long, green needles grow from all sides of the twigs.

The 4” cones hang from the branches and have sharp scales.

The bark is similarly noted for its scales.

This species is valued for its light-weight timber, useful in making boats and musical instruments.

Photos We Share!

It is our pleasure to share the photographs in this section with you under the Creative Commons License (see link below for details). We retain ownership of the photos but you may use them freely as long as you credit our website for them.  



Creative Commons License
These photos by http://www.nwplants.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Contact:  star@chillirose.com ~ Copyright 2012 © Wallace W. Hansen ~ All rights reserved