Hansen's Northwest Native Plant Database


Pinus contorta var. contorta (Shore Pine)

 

Kingdom

 Plantae Plants

Subkingdom

 Tracheobionta Vascular plants

Superdivision

 Spermatophyta Seed plants

Division

 Coniferophyta Conifers

Class

 Pinopsida

Order

 Pinales

Family

 Pinaceae Pine family

Genus

 Pinus L. pine

Species

 Pinus contorta Douglas ex Louden lodgepole pine

Variety

 Pinus contorta Douglas ex Louden var. contorta beach pine

This fast growing, two-needle yellow pine is closely related to Lodgepole Pine.

Native to the west coast, including the San Juan Islands and the Oregon coast, Shore pine is hardy in USDA zones 5 -10. Highly tolerant of poor soils and saline conditions, it occurs in the wild on sandy bluffs along the seashore and also in peat bogs at higher elevations, where it  becomes a natural bonsai.

The short, dark green needles are 1-2 long and curve slightly while the cones are - 2.

Usually a small tree, it can reach heights of 50 with intricate branching forms.

It is fantastic in a small garden or as a hedge. A quick way to establish a native garden framework from bare ground is to plant a variety of small to large Shore pines.

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