Hansen's Northwest Native Plant Database


Salix sitchensis (Sitka Willow)

 

Kingdom

 Plantae Plants

Subkingdom

 Tracheobionta Vascular plants

Superdivision

 Spermatophyta Seed plants

Division

 Magnoliophyta Flowering plants

Class

 Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons

Subclass

 Dilleniidae

Order

 Salicales

Family

 Salicaceae Willow family

Genus

 Salix L. willow

Species

 Salix sitchensis Sanson ex Bong. Sitka willow

This variety is the most common willow of the Pacific northwest but its range also extends into the Rocky Mountains at low elevations and it is hardy to USDA zone 4.

It grows well on sand and gravel bars of rivers and in forest clearings.

A distinctive shrub, the Sitka Willow grows only 2 - 10' tall and equally wide.

Sitka Willow has dark brown branches and dark, shiny, 2-4" leaves with velvety undersides.

Native groups used this willow for smoking meat and fish, as it does not give off a strong or offensive odor when burned. They used the strong and flexible bark of all willows for making ropes.

For a short comparison of northwest native willows, click here.

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